Roman Structures > Aqueducts > Aqueduct Arcier
The square Castan
First or second century
Commons vaire-arcier, Morre, Chalèze and Besançon
change - change the code - change Wikidata Documentation of the model
The aqueduct of Besançon typically named Aqueduct Arcier, his starting point was an aqueduct Gallo-Roman 12km mostly built on the hillside between the hamlet of Arcier, town vaire-arcier, and the current square Castan in the historic district of Besançon ( Doubs ). Today almost completely destroyed, however there remain some remains, especially along the D323 between Chalèze and Vaire, in the Hotel of the former region Franche-Comté or under the current square Castan .
1.1 Roman Period
1.2 Post-Roman Period
3.1 Related articles
3.2 External Links
History [ change | modify the code ]
Related articles: Square Castan and carved door .
Roman Period [ edit | edit the code ]
To 70 at the time of Vespasian , , or about 170 at the time of Marcus Aurelius , an aqueduct of a little less than 11 km was built between the sources Arcier and Vesontio , resulting in a pool of 5 m 2 in the current square Castan . Arcier sources were the only sources in the area with the flow and height sufficient to supply the city . The aqueduct consisted of an underground tunnel measuring between 1.55 meters and 1.62 meters in height and locked between 0.75 meters and 0.85 meters wide , , entering the city by narrow opening pierced in the rock, which later the carved door . The slope for routing water from Arcier in Besancon had a gradient of 0.22% . It was built parallel to the Doubs, not in a straight line, following the contours and, probably, to limit the facilities . The aqueduct functioned until the fifth century and the fall of the Roman Empire. Cut during the barbarian invasions, it will be abandoned and will undergo a gradual deterioration .In the early twentieth century, there are still vestiges of lAqueduc in seven places of the route.
Post-Roman [ edit | edit the code ]
The Aqueduct plan.
Two restoration projects of the Roman aqueduct are considered the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries . In 1837 the Municipality of Besançon decided to build a new aqueduct to meet the growing water needs of the inhabitants, as evidenced by a plaque near the source Arcier. Between 1843 and 1848 studies are conducted, between 1850 and 1855 the work is performed and in 1866 the acquisitions are made on supplements to the source thus ensuring the city all waters Arcier . Another plaque shows the exact altitude of the source, which is 272.366 m . In Besançon, the reservoir St Jean , the culmination of the aqueduct, two plates indicate the network taken over by the city at that time, one of which is inscribed: "Works of Arcier waters awarded the XII May MDCCCL. Completed on September MDCCCLIV IV. C.Convers mayor of Besancon. "The other being the water plan.
Today the Arcier waters are always picked to meet some of the water needs of Besancon. They are processed by the factory since 1935 Malate.
References [ change | modify the code ]
↑ Estimated by INRAP to 10.26 km
↑ a , b and c Memoirs Bregille, page 38.
↑ a , b , c and d The Roman aqueduct on the site Arcier rides Franche-Comté (accessed 7 June 2011 )
↑ a , b and c "Archaeological Atlas of Besançon - Hôtel de Région" on inrap.fr, INRAP (accessed 10 March 2016)
↑ Archaeological research on the monuments of Besançon, A. Delacroix, 1841, p. 11-12
↑ Bedon 1997 , p. 401
↑ a and b The source of the site Arcier rides Franche-Comté (accessed 23 May 2010 ).
Annexes [ edit | edit the code ]
Related articles [ edit | edit the code ]
Vesontio - History of Besançon
Waterhouse source Arcier
External links [ edit | edit the code ]
Article on the source Arcier
Sources Arcier naturalist walks
on the site of RAM digitized heritage Besançon : A closer look: Besançon over water
References [ change | modify the code ]
(Fr) Bedon, The aqueducts of Roman Gaul and neighboring regions, 1997 , P. 399-404 .
(Fr) Hector Tonon, Jean-François Fitting, Marie-Edith Henckel, Annie Mathieu, Jacques Mathieu, Georges Bidalot, Jacqueline BEVALOT Paul Broquet Jean-Claude Monti Anne Porro, Jacques Breton, Jean-Claude Grapple, Pierre-Louis Brechat Yves Mercier and Pierre Riobé, Bregille Memories (2nd edition), Besançon, Cêtre, December 2009 312 pp. ( ISBN 978-2-87823-196-0 ) On page 38.
Roman Aqueducts List